分类
日本蜡烛线的主要类型

如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损

Jason爱美股 ​

如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损

止损单(Stop Order)

  • 止损限价单(Stop Limited Order)

跟踪止损单就是追随最新 价格 设置一定比例或价差的 止损 ,当最新价变动的时候,止损价(触发价)会随着最新价的变动而不断调整,买入方向的止损单的止损价(触发价)会随着股价的下跌而不断调整,直到上涨时击穿触发;卖出方向的止损单的止损价(触发价)会随着股价的上涨而不断调整,直到下跌时击穿触发。

美股的下单类型有哪些?谢谢大神!?

Jason爱美股 ​

2、限价单(Buy Limit Order/ Sell Limit
Order)

限价单是挂单的一种,分为限价买单和限价卖单。买单以限价以下的市价买入,卖单以限价以上的市价卖出。当市价达至您设定的价格,限价挂单会在设定价格或更佳的价格执行,假如当时的最佳可得价未达设定水准,指令将会等待执行。所以相对于市价单,限价单是只依赖于价格的挂单,无法保证交易时间,甚至无法保证是否能被执行。

*本文默认市场上的可交易股数大于投资者的买/卖单股数,适用于绝大多数投资者的情况。假如投资者投资额度大或股票流通性不好导致可交易的股数不够投资者需要的数量,则会出现部分可成交的情况。如果有需要,可以单独解释。一般是可成交的部分成交,未成交部分将在未来某一时点价格符合成交要求时再次成交,或在价格一直无法再次符合成交要求而一直无法成交。但是投资者也可以选择其他的成交方式比如:Fill
or Kill - 如不能全部成交则全部取消等。

3、停损单(Buy Stop Order/ Sell Stop Order)

停损单分为停损买单和停损卖单。停损买单在股票涨过停损点时,立即以当时市价买入,停损卖单在股票跌破停损点时,立即以当时市价卖出。停损单可以确保在股价触及停损点后立即交易执行,但不确保可按特定价格执行。所以对比限价停损单(即下文的第4种),停损单可以认为是“市价停损单”

4、限价停损单(Stop Limit Order)

对于限价停损卖单来说,一般停损点(即被触发的点)的价格较高,限价点的价格较低。如,某投资者对一只股票看涨,但是为了防范下跌的损失,设定了在股票下跌至$48的时候以不低于$47的价格卖出。由于股价的跳跃性,假如股票从$49跌至$46($49与$46之间无任何报价),则虽然跌穿了$48的停损点,但是由于设定以不低于$47的价格卖出,导致市场价无法成交,该单无法执行,造成实际上并未起到停损的作用。所以这种挂单并不能100%保证在市价触及或穿过停损价格时一定能成交,有可能会造成更大损失。详见下例。

案例1和2说明,由于股价变化的跳跃性,限价停损卖单永远存在无法被执行的风险,上述投资者A和B都面临这种风险。但是A将停损价和限价之间的间隔设定的相对大且卖出限价相对低,一定程度上降低了这种风险。另外,选择交易较为频繁的股票也可以一定程度上降低这种风险。相对于几乎所有股票都频繁的被交易的A股,美股有一些股票的交易频率很低,流动性比较差。

案例3中的股价如果突然由$47上涨至$49以上,限价停损买单也同样存在无法被执行的风险。与卖单相反,间隔设定大且买入限价相对高,可以降低无法被执行的风险。

跟踪停损的第一种是跟踪股票价格,并以价格下跌的差价作为停损标准的停损单。一般来说是在投资者认为股价会上升,预计在进入获利阶段停损使用的挂单。跟踪停损单$的特性是会锁定某一区域内的最高点并以此点为参照,在股价相对该点下跌超过一定差价后以市价卖出。

跟踪停损的第二种是跟踪股票价格,并以跟踪价格下跌的百分比作为停损标准的停损单。一般来说是在投资者认为股价会上升,预计在进入获利阶段停损使用的挂单。跟踪停损单%的特性是会锁定某一区域内的最高点并以此点为参照,在股价相对该点下跌超过一定百分比后以市价卖出。

投资者A持有该股票,并认为该股票未来会上涨。但是由于没有时间盯盘,又不想错过该股票的高点,A在时点1挂了下跌差价为15%的跟踪停损卖单。之后在时点1和时点2时股价一路上涨,跟踪停损卖单的跟踪价位随着股价上涨由$10变为$11.5进一步变为$12.这时该跟踪停损卖单只会在比$12低15%的情况下(即$12 x (1-15%)=$10.2)的时候才会将股票卖出。但是由于时点4股价跌至$10.5(并未低到$10.2)后一路上涨至$15,所以一直到时点7也未成交,且参照价格上升为$15。而在时点9时,股价下跌元至$12.9(跌破$15 x (1-15%)=$12.75),该跟踪停损卖单在时点9以市价$12.9元将股票卖出。【经知友提醒,发现这里算错了,12.9并未跌破12.75。改图比较费劲,请大家把12.9当作12.7好了……码字太多难免出错,抱歉各位】

追踪止损定单

Mosaic Trailing Stops Order

Interactive Brokers ®、IB SM 、InteractiveBrokers.com ®、Interactive Analytics ®、IB Options Analytics SM 、IB SmartRouting SM 、PortfolioAnalyst ®、IB Trader Workstation SM 和One World, One Account SM 是盈透证券有限公司(Interactive Brokers LLC)的服务标示和/或注册商标。任何声明的证明文件和统计数据均将根据要求提供。显示的交易代码仅作演示计,不旨在构成任何推荐。

什么是追踪止损 (Trailing Stop)? 如何使用追踪止损?

GMTK Global Pty Limited (ABN: 55 147 766 336) trading as GMT Markets is located at Level 4, 493 St Kilda Road, Melbourne VIC 3004 Australia, and holds an Australian Financial Services License issued by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (AFSL No: 400364) to carry on a financial services business in Australia.

This website is owned and operated by GMT Markets. The information contained on this website is general in nature and does not constitute advice or a recommendation to act upon the information or an offer. The information on this website does not take into account 如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损 your personal objectives, circumstances, financial situations or needs. GMT 如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损 Markets provides only general advice and execution-only services. You are strongly recommended to seek independent professional advice before opening an account with us and/or acquiring our services/products.

GMT Markets does not accept applications from residents of Japan or the United States of America. This website is intended for persons located within Australia only and is not directed at any person in countries or jurisdictions where the offer of such financial products is not permitted or is unlawful.

Before you decide whether or not to invest any products referred to on this website, being over the counter (OTC) derivatives, it is important for you to read and consider our Financial Services Guide (FSG), Product Disclosure Statement (PDS), Client Agreement, our Target Market Determination, and our other documents, to ensure that you fully understand the risks involved. You should also consider if you’re part of our target market. Fees, charges and commissions apply.

OTC derivatives, including margin foreign exchange contracts and contract for differences are leveraged products that carry 如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损 a high level of risk to your capital. Trading is not suitable to everyone. You may incur losses up to your deposits with us. You do not own, or have any rights to, the underlying assets which the OTC derivative is referable to. You should only trade 如何设置Trailing Stop移动止损 with money you can afford to lose.

© 2019 GMT MARKETS ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. PDS CSA FSG TMD